What is Diabetes?
Approximately 3% of the population is affected by diabetes.
There are two main types of diabetes; Type 1 (Insulin Dependent) which affects those with damage to certain cells in their pancreas and usually occurs in individuals in their teens. Insulin injections must be administered regularly. Type 2 (Non-Insulin Dependent) diabetics do not necessarily have to inject insulin and often has a later onset (50+ years). It can be controlled through good diet and sometimes with the use of tablets.
Anyone with diabetes should have their eye health checked annually as part of the diabetic screening programme. Here a camera, or special lens is used to look at the health of the back of the eye to monitor it for any signs of diabetes. For this check the pupil is dilated with drops to ensure a good view.